Turning the Tide: How Turkey Won the War for Tripoli

Turning the Tide: How Turkey Won the War for Tripoli

The War for Tripoli, launched by Gen. Khalifa Hifter in April 2019, came to an abrupt end in June 2020 after extensive Turkish military capabilities were introduced to the theater at the beginning of the year. This research paper seeks to drill down into the military,...
Libya’s House of Cards: Elections Without Institutions

Libya’s House of Cards: Elections Without Institutions

Editor’s Note: After years of civil war in Libya, the recent plan to hold elections there seems like a rare ray of sunshine, creating hope that the country may be on the path to peace. Jason Pack and Rhiannon Smith of Libya-Analysis, however, urge caution. They point...
PERSPECTIVES ON TERRORISM

PERSPECTIVES ON TERRORISM

This Special Issue of Perspectives on Terrorism is devoted to al-Qaida (AQ). It contains 15 articles on variousaspects of al-Qaida and its affiliates, as well as an extensive bibliography on AQ. The articles are products ofa conference held in Oslo on 4-5 September...
The origins and evolution of ISIS in Libya

The origins and evolution of ISIS in Libya

For the past three decades, Libya has been a rich recruiting ground for the global jihad. Investigating the precursors and then subsequent evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and other extremist actors throughout this period presents actionable...